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Similar words: Cerebellar Ataxia  Cerebellar Diseases  

Cerebellar Diseases

Cerebellar Dysfunction | Cerebellum Diseases | Cerebellar Disorders | Cerebellar Syndromes | Cerebellar Disease | Cerebellar Disorder | Cerebellar Dysfunctions | Cerebellar Syndrome | Cerebellum Disease | Disease, Cerebellar | Disease, Cerebellum

Diseases that affect the structure or function of the cerebellum. Cardinal manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, GAIT ATAXIA, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.

Cerebellar Neoplasms

Benign Cerebellar Neoplasms | Cerebellar Cancer | Malignant Cerebellar Neoplasms | Cerebellar Neoplasms, Benign | Cerebellar Neoplasms, Malignant | Cerebellar Neoplasms, Primary | Cerebellar Tumors | Neoplasms, Cerebellar | Cancer, Cerebellar

Primary or metastatic neoplasms of the CEREBELLUM. Tumors in this location frequently present with ATAXIA or signs of INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION due to obstruction of the fourth ventricle. Common primary cerebellar tumors include fibrillary ASTROCYTOMA and cerebellar HEMANGIOBLASTOMA. The cerebellum is a relatively common site for tumor metastases from the lung, breast, and other distant organs. (From Okazaki & Scheithauer, Atlas of Neuropathology, 1988, p86 and p141)

Cerebellar Ataxia

Adiadochokinesis | Ataxia, Cerebellar | Cerebellar Dysmetria | Dysmetria | Cerebellar Hemiataxia | Cerebellar Incoordination | Hypermetria | Adiadochokineses | Ataxias, Cerebellar | Cerebellar Ataxias | Cerebellar Dysmetrias | Cerebellar Hemiataxias

Incoordination of voluntary movements that occur as a manifestation of CEREBELLAR DISEASES. Characteristic features include a tendency for limb movements to overshoot or undershoot a target (dysmetria), a tremor that occurs during attempted movements (intention TREMOR), impaired force and rhythm of rapidly alternating movements (adiadochokinesis), and GAIT ATAXIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p90)

Spinocerebellar Degenerations

Ataxias, Hereditary | Cerebellar Ataxia, Early Onset | Cerebellar Ataxia, Late Onset | Cerebellar Degenerations, Primary | Corticostriatal-Spinal Degeneration | Marie Cerebellar Ataxia | Marinesco-Sjogren Syndrome | Marie' | s Cerebellar Ataxia

A heterogenous group of degenerative syndromes marked by progressive cerebellar dysfunction either in isolation or combined with other neurologic manifestations. Sporadic and inherited subtypes occur. Inheritance patterns include autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked.

Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration

Cerebellar Degeneration, Paraneoplastic | Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration, Anti-Yo-Associated | Anti-Yo-Associated Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration | Cerebellar Syndrome, Paraneoplastic | Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Syndrome

Cerebellar degeneration associated with a remote neoplasm. Clinical manifestations include progressive limb and GAIT ATAXIA; DYSARTHRIA; and NYSTAGMUS. The histologic type of the associated neoplasm is usually carcinoma or lymphoma. Pathologically the cerebellar cortex and subcortical nuclei demonstrate diffuse degenerative changes. Anti-Purkinje cell antibodies (anti-Yo) are found in the serum of approximately 50% of affected individuals. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p686)

Gait Ataxia

Ataxia of Gait | Cerebellar Gait | Cerebellar Gait Ataxia | Gait Ataxia, Sensory | Ataxia, Cerebellar Gait | Ataxia, Gait | Ataxia, Sensory Gait | Ataxias, Cerebellar Gait | Ataxias, Gait | Ataxias, Sensory Gait | Cerebellar Gait Ataxias

Impairment of the ability to coordinate the movements required for normal ambulation which may result from impairments of motor function or sensory feedback. This condition may be associated with BRAIN DISEASES (including CEREBELLAR DISEASES and BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES); SPINAL CORD DISEASES; or PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES.

Nerve Fibers

Cerebellar Mossy Fibers | Mossy Fibers, Cerebellar | Cerebellar Mossy Fiber | Mossy Fiber, Cerebellar | Nerve Fiber

Slender processes of NEURONS, including the AXONS and their glial envelopes (MYELIN SHEATH). Nerve fibers conduct nerve impulses to and from the central nervous system.

Myoclonic Cerebellar Dyssynergia

Cerebellar Dyssynergia | Dentate Cerebellar Atrophy | Dyssynergia Cerebellaris Myoclonica | Ramsay Hunt Cerebellar Syndrome | Dentate Cerebellar Ataxia | Dentate Nucleus Syndrome, Ramsay Hunt | Dyssynergia Cerebellaris Progressiva

A condition marked by progressive CEREBELLAR ATAXIA combined with MYOCLONUS usually presenting in the third decade of life or later. Additional clinical features may include generalized and focal SEIZURES, spasticity, and DYSKINESIAS. Autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant patterns of inheritance have been reported. Pathologically, the dentate nucleus and brachium conjunctivum of the CEREBELLUM are atrophic, with variable involvement of the spinal cord, cerebellar cortex, and basal ganglia. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1991, Ch37, pp60-1)

Brain Hemorrhage, Traumatic

Cerebellar Hemorrhage, Traumatic | Traumatic Brain Hemorrhage | Brain Hemorrhages, Traumatic | Cerebellar Hemorrhages, Traumatic | Hemorrhage, Traumatic Brain | Hemorrhage, Traumatic Cerebellar | Hemorrhages, Traumatic Cerebellar

Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC), and cerebellum.

Cerebellar Nuclei

Dentate Nucleus | Nucleus Dentatus | Nucleus Emboliformis | Nucleus Fastigii | Nucleus Globosus | Cerebellar Nucleus | Emboliformis, Nucleus | Fastigii, Nucleus | Globosus, Nucleus | Nuclei, Cerebellar | Nucleus Fastigius | Nucleus, Cerebellar

Four accumulations of gray substance embedded in the white substance of the cerebellum, comprising the nucleus dentatus, nucleus emboliformis, nucleus globosus, and nucleus fastigii. (Dorland, 28th ed)
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